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The Motorists Guide

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  1. Corgi, Dinky, Matchbox - they're all here at the Collectors Old Toy Shop Fuelled by nostalgia, model cars can fetch serious money. We revisit our childhoods at the Collectors Old Toy Shop Simon gets it. Greg gets it. I get it, but I’m not sure Max, the photographer, gets it. Too young, I reckon. I’m talking about that feeling of nostalgia triggered by the sight of old die-cast model cars by Corgi, Dinky and Matchbox. I’m surrounded by them here in the Collectors Old Toy Shop in Halifax, owned by Simon Haley, 54. He’s joined by Greg Brooke, 62, a customer and collector who has been coming to the shop for 27 years. “I had one of those and one of those – and one of those!” I, a 59-year-old, can’t help exclaiming as I peer at the shelves and glass cabinets filled with row upon row of the exquisite diecast cars, many of the most valuable ones still in their boxes. Every visitor of a certain age says it, apparently. Some turn up just to ogle the models and be transported back to a time when their idea of fun was pushing their own along the carpet. And then overnight they outgrew their Minis, Zephyr Zodiacs and fire engines, and up to the loft or, more likely, to the jumble sale the little cars went, never to be played with again. Haley stocks a few hundred of these battered old relics from childhood. Priced from £1 each, they spill out of baskets at the back of the shop, where they’re popular not only with young visitors but also with collectors harvesting spare parts. At the other end of the shop’s price spectrum is Haley’s Corgi No.267 Batmobile. It appears to be in mint condition and together with its original box is priced at £500. However, there are Batmobiles and there are Batmobiles… Haley’s is the so-called Black First Issue of 1966. His price is competitive considering that Collect-a-Toy, which publishes a price guide for popular collectors’ models, suggests that one in A+ condition with its box is worth £538. The guide also lists six other Batmobiles, the most expensive being what it describes as ‘Red Wheels in early box’ of 1973 with a guide price of £948, and the cheapest the Batmobile Black of 1974 at £245. Incidentally, the first Batmobile wasn’t actually the Black First Issue but the Satin Black First Issue. It was quickly withdrawn because Corgi thought its finish too dull and changed it for a gloss one. Haley says a good one, if you can find it, is worth £1000. Collect-a-Toy’s price guide also provides a neat little graphic showing how each Batmobile’s price has moved in recent years. Taking that Black First Issue as an example, the guide price for one in A+ condition started from a low of around £450 in 2008 before rising to £1000 in 2013 and falling to its present value of £538 in 2019. In between Haley’s cheapest motors and his most expensive is an example of that icon of childhood, the Corgi No.261 James Bond Aston Martin DB5. Launched in 1965 to coincide with the release of Goldfinger, the third Bond film, and fitted with machine guns, a bulletproof shield and, most exciting of all, a pop-up roof that allowed the ejector seat to fire its occupant skywards, the model was a smash hit with children. Today, boxed examples in good condition are highly prized. Haley wants £250 for his almost mint example complete with box, instruction leaflet, two figures and, crucially, the unused 007 transfer. This compares favourably with a guide price of £502. The model has never scaled the heights of the Batmobile, peaking at around £575, but this may be due to its massive sales success, which means good examples are always coming to market. “The 1960s was the golden age of model cars,” says Haley. “The real cars they were based on were more exciting, film and TV tie-ups boosted their appeal and people had more money to spend.” Competition was intense between Matchbox, Dinky and Corgi. Today, each brand has its followers but I’m attracted to the Corgi models by their superior finish and detailing. Collector Brooke agrees. “It’s my favourite brand,” he says. “The cars are better proportioned and their colours are brighter. They were the first to have windows, too. In fact, Corgi’s slogan was ‘The ones with windows!’” Brooke has more than 1000 cars in his collection, but says that while many have increased in value, collecting them has never been about making money. “It’s all about nostalgia – my memories of childhood and my own cars,” he says. “The first model I bought was a Matchbox No.5 red bus. It cost 10 pence in a flea market. My most prized is a Dinky Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith of 1959.” Where do all these collectable models, many still with their boxes, come from and, more important, what sort of child would keep their cars this way? “I buy my stock from people who visit the shop, from markets and from auctions,” says Haley. “Private sellers who occasionally offer me their old cars boxed and in unplayed condition are often retired professionals who were careful with their things from day one.” Occasionally, he says, a load of unsold stock covered in dust is discovered. It could be anywhere in the world. Haley has his eye on Iran as a future source of top-quality models. The problem is that when big finds come to market, they upset prices, which is why Haley is loath to talk about model cars as investments. “Just collect what you like and not with an eye on future values,” he says. “Cars still with their boxes command the highest prices, although the car itself must be in top condition.” Something else that can affect prices is collectors’ advancing years. Richard Beale, valuer at Warwick & Warwick, an auction house that holds regular sales of model cars, says that the prices of cars that pre-date the 1950s are softening because the number of collectors who remember that period is declining. “On the other hand,” he says, “the market for 1960s cars and later is still buoyant.” I like the look of Haley’s DB5, released when I was five and one of which I had before it got too damaged to be played with any longer. Haley shows me how its roof sits properly. “Most have damaged roofs caused when the child pushed it down to relocate the ejector seat,” he says. “To avoid damaging the mechanism, they should have pushed the seat down first, then pressed down the roof. A collector will look for this.” Maybe so but I’m more interested in seeing how far it fires the baddie in the passenger seat. Not very, it turns out, and worse, right in the path of the speeding Aston. I don’t remember that happening in the film. Top five shop finds Simon Haley: Corgi Batmobile (£500); Corgi James Bond DB5 (£250); Corgi Jaguar E-Type (£100); Dinky Ford Mustang Fastback 2+2 (£70); Pilen VW Scirocco Mk1 (£38) Greg Brooke: Corgi Batmobile (£500); Corgi James Bond DB5 (£250); Corgi Monte Carlo Rover 2000, 1966 (£150); Corgi Monte Carlo Mini, 1966 (£120); Corgi Chevrolet Camaro, 1969 (£50) John Evans: Corgi James Bond DB5 (£250); Corgi Ecurie Ecosse Transporter, 1962 (£180); Dinky Fordson tractor, 1934 (£85); Corgi Lamborghini Miura with ‘diamond’ headlights (£6); Corgi Cooper Maserati (£4) READ MORE A history of the iconic Jaguar E-Type Special edition marks 55 years of the Ford Mustang The best cars of James Bond View the full article
  2. Overtaking is a big focus of F1's rules revamp For 2021, F1 chiefs have ripped up the rulebook and overhauled the current regs. We round up the changes and analyse their likely effects Since Liberty Media officially took control of Formula 1 from Bernie Ecclestone in January 2017, the mantra has always been ‘judge us not on what you see now but on what happens in 2021 and beyond’. That date was significant for the simple reason that the current Concorde Agreement – the covenant by which F1 is run – expires at the end of 2020, after which all bets were off in terms of the regulations, governance and finances of the sport. In the interim, there was only a limited opportunity for the new management to have a major influence on the direction F1 was taking. It was still in the slipstream of the Ecclestone era. There have been endless discussions during the past couple of seasons about what that new direction should be. Crucially, the lack of a Concorde Agreement and hence governance for 2021 meant that, in theory, Liberty and the FIA could do anything they wanted and the teams would have little say. It was a unique opportunity to move the goalposts without the inevitable blocking of change by parties keen to protect their own interests. With no F1 governance in place, the deadline for announcing 2021 changes originally defaulted to 31 March 2019. However, that proved far too early to pin down details as the debate continued. All parties thus agreed to a postponement until 31 October, and after a series of meetings through the season, it was on that date that FIA president Jean Todt, F1 CEO Chase Carey and sporting boss Ross Brawn presented the draft regulations to the world, after they had been ratified by the World Motor Sport Council. Or rather, they presented three sets of regulations, because the familiar technical and sporting documents have now been joined for the first time by a set of financial regulations. They form a key part of F1’s attempts to ensure that the sport is sustainable over the long term and to level the playing field. Technical regs: it's all about overtaking No set of technical regulations in F1 history has been the subject of as much research, development and testing as that agreed for 2021. One of the first things Brawn did on his appointment was to headhunt a team of former F1 engineers, under the leadership of ex-Benetton and Renault F1 technical director Pat Symonds, and task them with drawing up a set of regulations. In effect poachers turned gamekeepers, they have worked closely with FIA single-seater technical boss and former Ferrari man Nikolas Tombazis. Brawn insisted his in-house team start with a clean sheet of paper with a clear goal of improving the racing – with a priority of making it easier for cars to follow each other, F1’s perennial problem. Extensive wind tunnel and CFD (computational fluid dynamics) work, with some support from the teams, helped to provide answers. For the last major F1 rule change, in 2017, the focus was on making the cars faster and more spectacular, and improving overtaking was not part of the brief (see box, overleaf). An attempt had been made to address that with simpler front wings for 2019, but it hasn’t really paid off. “We need cars that can race each other because the cars we have now are terrible in that respect,” said Brawn when announcing the 2021 package. “We get constant reminders of the difficulties the drivers have in competing with another car when the performance difference is not huge. “What has changed in the last few years is the new commercial rights holder, Liberty, recognising the need to do this and providing the resources and funds for F1 and the FIA to work together to find solutions for the challenges F1 faces. We’re providing cars which, we think, are more attractive and can race each other.” The wind-tunnel model and the images released by F1 show a more modern-looking and spectacular car, set off by 18in wheels. “We’ve sought to simplify the final shapes of the cars and to desensitise some areas, in this way leading to lower performance differential,” said Tombazis. “We hope that these aerodynamic regulations will mean the difference between the fastest and the slowest car will be smaller than currently. “It is fundamentally a ground-effect car. It’s got a long diffuser starting from the front of the sidepod, going underneath and finishing at the very back. That is fundamental for the flow structures that we’ve sought to achieve around it. “Some areas of the car, not a huge number, are going to be prescribed, because there’s such sensitivity to control the wheel wakes that we feel if we didn’t actually restrict the shapes, we’d end up with teams finding ways to overcome the key objectives.” Over the summer, team technical bosses made it clear that they were frustrated by the apparently restrictive aero rules, suggesting that the cars will all look the same. “We might as well all go and buy Dallaras,” rued Red Bull’s design guru, Adrian Newey. Tombazis remains confident that designers will still have some freedom. “We expect there to be numerous areas where the cars can and will look different to each other,” he said. “The nose, the front wing, the engine intake, the sidepod inlet, the sidepod shape itself, the rear wing. There are quite a lot of areas where we see still notable performance and visual differentiation.” The 2021 technical rules address costs, with a move to some standard or common parts, such as the fuel system. There are fewer than was originally envisaged. Teams resisted being obliged to use components supplied by third-party tender winners in key areas such as gearbox internals and brakes. The hybrid power unit is largely unchanged, other than a higher minimum weight and some material restrictions to address costs, while a move towards synthetic fuels sees a doubling to 20% content in 2021. One big downside is that the overall minimum car weight has risen from 743kg to 768kg, taking into account the 18in wheels and an allowance for standard parts. Sporting regs: tidy up the rulebook The sporting regulations feature fewer tweaks than the technical ones and there’s no sign of innovations such as Saturday qualifying races, which Liberty had been pushing for. Instead, it has been more about tidying up details. Former Tyrrell and Renault team manager Steve Nielsen – another Brawn hire – has led the reappraisal of a document that had been the responsibility of the late Charlie Whiting for over two decades. With the maximum number of races now set at 25, efforts have been made to shorten ‘weekends’. Scrutineering has now moved to Friday and curfew regulations have been tightened. To stop the proliferation of newly minted parts arriving over a weekend, a reference specification is set on Friday. Teams can test development parts on Friday but they can’t race them and the car has to be in that reference spec from Saturday morning. There are also revised restrictions on wind tunnel and CFD usage and, for the first time, limits on engine dyno running. Financial regs: a new challenge to police For decades, there have been attempts to rein in the spending of the top teams. Nothing has ever really worked, but by putting the financial element into the FIA rules – and ensuring there are tough penalties – there is finally a brake on expenditure. A cost cap has been set at $175 million (£135m) for a 21-race season, with $1m to be added for every race above that. There’s a lengthy list of exclusions, including salaries for drivers and top management, as well as marketing expenditure. Even so, it will still impact the top three teams – Ferrari, Mercedes and Red Bull – and force them to be more efficient. “Financial regulations are the dramatic change in F1,” said Brawn. “We’ve tried for these in the past and we’ve not been successful. I think the crucial thing about the financial regulations now is that they are part of the FIA regulations. “So the sanctions for breaching financial regulations will be sporting penalties of some sort, depending on the severity of the breach – whereas before, we had the resource restriction, which was a gentlemen’s agreement between teams. Well, there are not many gentlemen in the paddock, I’m afraid, and that was a failure. But this has teeth. If you fraudulently breach the financial regulations, you will be losing your championship. So it has serious consequences.” Criticism of restrictions on spending has always focused on policing. Can you really keep track of everything a big team is doing, especially one with manufacturer links and thus the possibility to quietly farm out a little R&D project to the mother company? It remains a concern for the critics, but some very clever people have been involved in creating the rules, including former Honda, Brawn GP and Mercedes financial chief Nigel Kerr. “We’ve got a very strong team of financial experts within the FIA and within F1,” said Brawn. “And we’ve sought outside support on this. Deloitte are one of the experts on sports finances: they’ve been very involved with the football world and you can see the positive effect that’s starting to have. “They’ve been pretty well thought out but they will need development, like any regulation. I fully expect that we are going to have challenges in the future to implement this, but it’s absolutely essential for the good of F1 that we have a control on the finances and how much is spent in F1.” What do the teams think? As noted, there was some pushback on technical changes, with the big players attempting to derail the new aero regs and maintain the status quo. There were some concessions, but the basic package remains. “There is a still much to work on,” said Ferrari team principal Mattia Binotto. “So I would avoid to say that it is locked down. I think this is still at a starting point where altogether now we need to collaborate, improve furthermore what is certainly a good set of regulations, but still much to develop and improve.” The elephant in the room is that the financial restrictions do not come into force until 2021 – so spending will be unfettered in 2020, when the teams are developing their first cars for the new rules. The existing wind tunnel/CFD limits will rein in the three big players to some degree, but there are plenty of areas where money still talks, and they are likely to hit the ground running in 2021. “There is an argument to say that those teams with more resource will benefit from that as they go into 2021,” said Red Bull team boss Christian Horner. “But inevitably, when there is a big regulation change, somebody gets it right and others undershoot. And you want to make sure that you are on top of the curve, rather than behind it.” What went wrong last time F1’s last major rule change, for 2017, saw a move to high downforce, with a general aim of making the cars faster and more spectacular, and thus more challenging to drive. Overtaking was not part of the brief and, somewhere along the way, that was overlooked by the technical directors who were involved in shaping the changes. Despite the protests of then Mercedes tech chief Paddy Lowe – inevitably dismissed as an attempt to maintain the status quo and thus the Mercedes team’s advantage – the rules were passed. And, sure enough, following a rival proved harder than ever with the new breed of wider, high-downforce cars. “These cars from 2016 to 2017 had a huge increase in downforce and it is worth thinking back on that experience because it was done for reasons I don’t understand,” said Ross Brawn, who returned to F1 after the decision was made. “It’s an example of an unthought-through programme. So the cars are very quick now, but they’re not raceable.” Adam Cooper READ MORE Rolling start: F1's rulebook rethink, rising star Jonathan Hoggard and more Racing lines: Car manufacturers may be fickle, but motorsport needs them New power generation: The young drivers making their mark on motorsport View the full article
  3. We drive the 8th-generation Golf to find out if it can remain the family hatchback king Volkswagen says the new Mk8 Golf is the most sophisticated Golf there’s ever been. And given it features an almost entirely digital cockpit, uses never-before-seen hybrid engines and boasts a raft of driver-assistance system, who are we to disagree? But it’s also the end of an era. Volkswagen now sees its future in the pure-electric ID 3, meaning that although the new Golf will be the brand’s sales powerhouse for several years to come, as a concept it exists on borrowed time (not to sound overly dramatic). Still, we’d expect this one to once again compete for class honours against not only its usual rivals from Audi, Ford and Renault but now also BMW, whose new front-wheel-drive 1-Series has impressed. When the Mk8 Golf arrives early next year, will it still be the family hatchback to have? We drove a pre-production model in Portugal to learn more. READ MORE New 2020 Volkswagen Golf gains mild hybrid engines, new technology Volkswagen Golf 2.0 TDI 2020 review​ 35 million and counting: the VW Golf story View the full article
  4. Old and new V8s sing in unison on a wintry UK road The oldest engine in production, Bentley's Mulsanne's 6.75-litre twin-turbo V8 turns 60 this year. We drive the first ever Bentley it graced and what may be the last one to celebrate At some as-yet-unannounced time in the not too distant future, a period of time best measured in months rather than years, Bentley will announce that the Mulsanne is finally being put out to pasture. By then it will have been around for 10 years and what Bentley plans to do for a flagship model next is not something to which I am privy. And I’ll miss the Mulsanne. When it came out, I wasn’t so sure about it. To me it looked slightly odd, an uncertain step after the majesty of all those Arnages and Turbo Rs. As the first top-of-the-range Bentley titan to be paid for entirely by Volkswagen money, I guess I was expecting something a little more bold. Yet I know no other car that has settled so well in its own skin over the years. To these eyes, it has aged astonishingly well and if it does indeed turn out to be the last Bentley to top the price list powered by an internal combustion engine, its future status will be assured. But, while we’re on the subject of engines, there’s something else I’ll miss even more when it goes: that massive lump of British bent eight aluminium under its gently sloping bonnet. It is the longest-lived engine in the world today, so far as engines still put into cars by their manufacturers are concerned. GM continues to make its small block and Ford its Windsor motor, both of which are older still, but only in ‘crate’ form for those wishing to replace wornout examples, built hot rods and so on. They are not used in new cars. The story of Bentley’s (or, more properly, Rolls-Royce’s) V8 actually starts in the early 1950s when it was recognised that the straight six in use at the time and which itself dated back to the early 1920s had reached the end of the road. What was required was a new motor that offered more power, more torque, more refinement and more reliability. More of everything indeed apart from this: they didn’t want any more weight. Tricky, that. A V12 was considered but dismissed on the grounds of complexity and weight, so the V8 configuration was chosen. Which I guess is why to this day so many people think it was a copy of an American engine, or a straight buy-in, like the Buick-sourced V8 used by Rover for decades. But it wasn’t, it was a pure Rolls design from the outset that hit its performance and refinement marks by displacing first 6.25 litres and then 6.75 litres, but did indeed weigh no more than the old 4.9-litre straight six by being cast not from iron but aluminium. Its survival over the years is all the more remarkable for the fact that its owners actually tried to kill it. Just as in the late 1970s Porsche intended the 928 to replace the already ageing 911, so Vickers – which owned Rolls-Royce in the 1990s – decided its new Arnage and Seraph saloons would be powered by modern BMW engines. But when VW bought Bentley in 1998, its first public act was to recommission the by now much missed old V8 and, at considerable expense, completely re-engineer the front end of the Arnage to take it. In time it would completely redesign the V8 too, mainly to allow it to meet emissions legislation, but also to improve its power and reliability. It’s been a few years since a single component on a modern twin-turbo 6.75-litre V8 was interchangeable with one from a 1959 6.25-litre motor, but no one would ever claim one was not a direct development of the other. Today, it is more than just a fabulous engine. It is unique. I know of no other motor that generates its power this way. These days it produces 530bhp, which is at least 250% more than it did 60 years ago, but the truth is that now Bentley has ditched diesel, the Mulsanne is the least powerful of all eight and 12-cylinder Bentleys on sale. But when it comes to torque, it bows to no one. It has 811lb ft of the stuff at 1750rpm, and the only reason it doesn’t have more even than that is that it would melt its ZF gearbox if it did. But such is the way it delivers that torque, at times it makes you wonder whether it needs a gearbox at all. Such is the age of this engine, its valves (just two per cylinder) are operated via long pushrods from a single camshaft buried deep in the vee, so the motor couldn’t rev even if Bentley wanted it to, which it absolutely does not. Peak power comes at, wait for it, 4200rpm, but the real joy of this engine is that it will still make you giggle at its magnificence if you never use more than 2400rpm. No one does effortless like this. And it makes an occasion out of every journey. Actually, you don’t even have to go anywhere: just sit in it, fire it up, give it a blip and you will be instantly aware you are in the presence of rather venerable greatness. Nor could there be a more appropriate car in which to fit it. The character of the Mulsanne and that of its motor are as indivisible as that of the 911 and its flat six. You climb up into that hand-stitched cabin, wonder briefly just how large a herd of cattle went into its creation, settle back into the best chair in the business – made in-house by Bentley – and when you think of the way you’d like that car to deliver its performance, that is what it does. Other cars such as V12 Mercedes-AMGs do tip of the toe response too, but they roar when extended. The old Bentley motor never roars, not least because it never allows itself to be extended. It thunders. Its manners are more akin to a pre-war steam locomotive than a current production car. You find yourself locking the car in gears because you don’t want your progress to be interrupted by anything so inelegant as a downshift. You let the torque talk. This engine and car combination is such a hard act to follow because by objective judgment neither is particularly good these days, so you can’t just make it objectively better because of the enormous risk of simultaneously making it subjectively worse. And there’s no doubt which measure counts for more here. And I have no idea when or even if the Mulsanne will be replaced. My guess is that it will because Bentley won’t want to relinquish the territory to Rolls-Royce and, lest we forget, Lagonda. But I expect there will be a hiatus of a number of years and when the new car comes it will be a pure-electric vehicle. So this is not just the end for the Mulsanne and its amazing old engine, it is in some sense the end of an era for Bentley too. Still 60 years – almost half the time that cars have been in existence – is not a bad innings. And I, for one, am glad I was around to see it. How does the original Bentley V8 compare? Read books about the history of Rolls-Royce and Bentley and you might escape with the idea that the new V8 wasn’t such a big deal. The product didn’t change much other than what was required to accommodate the new engine: the S1 just became the S2, its 4.9-litre, six-cylinder motor replaced by a 6.25-litre V8. No one talked about power or torque, either, for the publicly stated reason that that wouldn’t have been very gallant. Perhaps more likely and in private it was because the company didn’t feel like owning up to the fact that, with only around 200bhp, its brand-new engine had no more power than did those fitted to the last true Bentleys almost 30 years earlier. I wasn’t bothered by that. I just wanted to know if two engines built 60 years apart could feel related in any meaningful way. And the rather lovely truth is that they do, at least up to a point. Of course, I expected the S2 scarcely to be able to get out of its own way, but in fact it felt quite sprightly, despite its engine’s age, smaller capacity and absence of turbochargers. By 1959 standards, it would have moved right along. It still has that delicious laziness, and while the thunder is more of a rumble, it feels as appropriate to its 60-year-old surroundings as does the Mulsanne’s motor today. It actually feels a lot younger than the car it’s in, largely because it is. While the engine may have been brand new in 1959, the S2’s design philosophy dates back almost to the war and, frankly, it shows. It would be the mid-1960s before Rolls-Royce and Bentley embraced the modern era with the monocoque Shadow and T-series. The S2 remains an interesting curio, but the engine is better than the car to which it is fitted. In the Mulsanne, they are perfectly matched. Both will be missed. Great eights: the many lives of the Bentley V8 Mulsanne Turbo 1982: It is no exaggeration to say this engine saved Bentley. Strapping a turbo to the Mulsanne (raising power by 50%) turned Bentley from a moribund marque of rebadged Rolls-Royces into a brand that would turn the tables on its Rolls-Royce stablemate. Before the Mulsanne Turbo, Bentleys accounted for 5% of Rolls-Royce production. Within a year, that figure was 30%. In 10 years, Bentleys outsold Rolls-Royces by two to one. Continental R 1991: The first Bentley not to have an equivalent Rolls-Royce since the 1950s. Based on the strong-selling Turbo R saloon, the Continental R evoked the memory of the superb R-type Continental coupé of 1951. With flowing coupé lines, but retaining genuine four-seat accommodation, the Turbo R was a Bentley of opulence, character and individuality. It showed a confidence returning to the name that could not have been dreamed of 10 years earlier. Continental T 1996: Turning the Continental R into the T required not just raising engine power until it was the most powerful Bentley there had been, but also stiffening the suspension and, crucially, carving a chunk out of the wheelbase. The result was an uncompromising Bentley sports car with a cockpit like a WW1 biplane, an implausible turn of speed and simply terrible ride quality. Did we care? We did not: we were too busy having fun even to notice. Arnage Red Label 1999: The colour of the Bentley label once denoted the model you were buying. And when it wanted to tell the world the 6.75-litre turbo V8 was not dead, but had just been temporarily missing in action, Bentley employed the same method. So the Red Label denoted an Arnage with the homegrown engine, the Green Label one still fitted with BMW’s Cosworth-modified twin-turbo V8. Customers voted with their feet, ensuring another 20 years of production for the old engine. State Limousine 2002: On the 50th anniversary of the Queen’s accession to the throne, Bentley presented Her Majesty with a new State Limousine. It may have seemed like a rather lovely present but was actually the PR coup of the decade, stealing the business of transporting the Monarch to state occasions from right under Rolls-Royce’s nose. Brooklands 2006: Not to be confused with the Brooklands saloon of 1992, this was the Brooklands coupé and, to my way of thinking, the closest the firm has come in recent years to capturing the spirit of the Bentley boys. Fast, sleek and surprisingly easy to drift, it was a car to be driven by cads, bounders and gentlemen jewel thieves. Or at least that’s always how I looked at it. A shame, then, that the company never got around to building a coupé version of the current Mulsanne. READ MORE Updated 2020 Bentley Bentayga to feature revamped design Bentley plots £1.5m ultra-exclusive open-top sports tourer Bentley Bentayga gets four-seat and seven-seat options View the full article
  5. Why wrap your hands around a new phone, when you could have them around the steering wheel of a new car? It's either the latest handset or an entertaining car and a burner phone. We root out fun motors for less than an iPhone 11 Pro Steve Jobs is taunting me from the grave. I’ve thrown a lot of money his way over the years, starting with his Apple Mac computer through to a G4 Powerbook, MacBook Air and several iPads. And then there is, of course, his range of field telephones. I’ve had a few iPhones, starting with the first one. As with all Apple products, it’s a battle to get years of use out of them before they write themselves off by being out of date. My G4 Powerbook works perfectly well but can’t run the modern OS and therefore can’t support programs. My iPhone 5 I’ve had for a long time but I fear it is near the end. Apple would no doubt like me to buy its new iPhone 11 Pro. It has three cameras, apparently, and lots and lots of pixels. And the battery might last beyond tea time. It costs £1049 but I can trade in my old phone and get a discount. Except I can’t because the iPhone 5 is so old tech that they won’t give me a penny for it. Where am I going with this? Car companies have for years used the cost of a mobile phone as a sort of economic analogy to leasing cars. ‘You can have a new i10 for barely the price of your mobile phone.’ Renault used the same argument for leasing a Zoe’s battery. This has got me thinking. What if I got the cheapest phone I could and then spent the money that I’ve saved on buying an iPhone 11 Pro on a car. I mean, I’ve always wanted to be a professional racing driver or fighter pilot but I’m not particularly interested in becoming a professional telephone caller. Well, there you go, Mr Jobs: Argos has just sold me an Alba sim-free mobile for £12.95. It is, I believe, what is known as a burner. It makes telephone calls and can send texts. I don’t think it’ll allow me to become the next David Bailey or let me know how little my Aston Martin shares are worth. So with my new phone up and running, let’s go shopping with the £1036.05 that I have left. I know exactly where to start and what I’m looking for. Within seconds, we are on eBay and have tapped in ‘Fiat’. Guessed it? A 32,000-mile Seicento Sporting in yellow has grabbed the attention of 20 watchers but I can buy it now for £875. For even less money, although there’s no ‘buy it now’ price and the auction has five days to run, there’s a Sporting Michael Schumacher edition. I’d forgotten that there was such a thing but this red one looks nice at £820. The Fiat Panda 100HP is a much better car and, sure enough, there’s one for £1000. It’s on a 58 plate and looks quite tidy in the photographs. Minis are excellent value: a photographer friend bought a convertible for £400 a few years ago and it’s still running. He has to keep his typhoid injections up to date because it’s a bit skanky inside but it runs well. There are loads of Cooper hatches within budget but I’ve always like the eccentric Clubman with its half-sized door of death that’s not on the pavement side in the UK. There are loads to choose from £1000 down and the bidding doesn’t look frantic. Perhaps I’m being too sensible and should take a punt on this 2005 Cadillac CTS. The infotainment system has bust and it needs an ABS pump for its MOT but there’s a ‘buy it now’ price of £900. One other nutter has bid £495, which is below the reserve. Wonder how much the ABS pump costs? This is better but still in the slightly risky luxo-barge segment. A Rover 75 V6 manual on Autotrader for £950. MOT until next June as well. My pal Richard Bremner would be terribly impressed: he’s already got one. Ooh, even better, a Rover 800 coupé for £750 with a V6 and automatic gearbox. That’ll be a peaceful ride. Any one of these old nails that we’ve found will give guaranteed amusement and provide much more of a talking point than a new mobile phone. They might even last longer, too. Other appliances we could make savings on Perhaps we get sucked into owning too many devices. We’ve got a Dualit toaster, for example. It looks beautifully retro and I’m sure guests are impressed by our good taste but it cost £150. Our kettle is a designer item, too, and cost nearly 100 quid. It can only boil water. A TV is a good way to blow a lot of money. I don’t like them as pieces of furniture so we’ve got a small telly. It is a smart one but I don’t think it’s OLED and it cost less than the toaster. I know people who have huge-screen TVs with surround sound that cost more than a second-hand MX-5. Where would your smart money go? Let us know by emailing autocar@haymarket.com READ MORE 10 ways to bag a used car bargain Used car buying guide: Fiat Coupe James Ruppert: with small cars, choose substance over style View the full article
  6. Based on AMG Line trim, the end-of-the-line model celebrates 23 years of the innovative two-seat roadster Mercedes-Benz has revealed prices for its SLC Final Edition, the run-out special of the roadster before production ends early next year. The celebratory SLC Final Edition is offered with the choice of three petrol engines in the UK: a 181bhp 2.0-litre four-cylinder in the SLC 200 and a 242bhp 2.0-litre four-cylinder in the SLC 300, plus the flagship 387bhp AMG SLC43. Prices start from £37,120, £40,916 and £49,855 respectively. Deliveries will begin in the Spring. The last ever SLC is launched 23 years after the two-seat roadster first made its public premiere, badged as the SLK, ushering in a new folding hard-top roof structure that was subsequently copied by many other car makers. Without plans for a successor model, Mercedes-Benz is marking the end of production for the SLC by offering a special optional yellow paint finish alongside the standard black and grey options. This replicates one of the colours used to launch the original SLK. The Final Edition is based on the existing AMG Line model but gains uniquely styled bumpers, 18in five-spoke alloy wheels and a highly equipped interior with, among other previously optional features, Airscarf neck heaters as standard. A Harmon Kardon sound sustem is only offered in the SLC43. The C-Class-based roadster was produced in three model generations over its 23-year life span. The original R170-designated model was launched at the 1996 Paris motor show. It was succeeded by the R171, launched at the Geneva motor show in 2004, and then today's R172 went on sale in 2011. It was known as the SLK until its 2016 facelift. Combined global sales of the SLK and SLC total more than 710,000, according to Mercedes-Benz. Read more Used car buying guide: Mercedes-Benz SLK​ Mercedes-AMG SLC 43 review​ Mercedes-Benz GLC 300 4Matic EQ Boost 2019 prototype review​ View the full article
  7. Aston Martin St Athan New Welsh factory will build the British firm's vital DBX luxury SUV Aston Martin boss Andy Palmer says the new DBX production plant in St Athan, Wales, which was officially opened today (Friday), will be “hugely important” to the firm’s future growth. The facility, which occupies three converted ‘super-hangers’ that were formerly part of the Ministry of Defence St Athan site, will be the sole global production site for the firm’s vital new luxury SUV. The plant was opened by Palmer and Mark Drakeford AM, the Welsh First Minister. When full production begins in the second quarter of 2020, around 600 people will be employed at the factory, rising to 750 when peak production is reached. Palmer said the opening of the plant was “a pivotal day for Aston Martin and a vote of confidence in the UK.” He added: “The opening of St Athan is a hugely important milestone in the company’s growth plan and integral to our ambitions as a global luxury brand with a presence in all major sectors of the market.” First Minister Drakeford said: “Locating this world class and globally recognised brand in St Athan is a huge vote of confidence in the Welsh workforce. It is an example of the Welsh Government’s support and can-do attitude, driving economic growth and creating jobs.” Aston Martin bought the former MOD site in 2016, the year that it also began training the first employees on the DB11 production line at its existing Gaydon plant. The first buildings, including the reception, restaurant and offices, were constructed in 2017, with work to convert the hangers starting last year. The opening of the site came the day after Autocar revealed that billionaire Lawrence Stroll is considering a bid to buy a major stake in the company. READ MORE Billionaire poised to launch bid for major Aston Martin stake Aston Martin's St Athan plant to boost manufacturing efficiency Aston Martin DBX: full details of luxury SUV View the full article
  8. Long-standing Corvette tuner turns its attention to the new mid-engined model, with a range of mechanical and cosmetic upgrades Long-standing Texas-based tuning firm Hennessey Performance Engineering has revealed it plans to eke up to 1200bhp out of the new C8 Chevrolet Corvette. The benchmark figure is said to be achievable via tweaks to the car’s standard mid-mounted LT2 V8 engine, with upgraded internals including forged aluminium pistons, a higher compression ratio and forged steel rods. Mated to this will be a specially designed twin turbocharger setup. Further modifications necessary to achieve the figure safely and reliably include an upgraded factory dual-clutch transmission, while options include a full Brembo brake upgrade and adjustable Penske suspension. No price is quoted for the new package. Hennessey’s upgrades come with a warranty for increased peace of mind, but for those with less ambitious plans the firm will offer a cheaper supercharger system upgrade for 700bhp, and a stainless steel exhaust upgrade. The standard, entry-level C8 Corvette puts out 495bhp. There are visual modifications available, too, including a ‘CarbonAero’ carbon fibre body upgrade pack (as pictured). READ MORE New 1600bhp, 300mph-plus Hennessey Venom F5 revealed Hennessey: ‘Being the fastest in the world really matters’ Hennessey Venom GT sets new 265.6mph top speed record View the full article
  9. A six-cylinder petrol engine and a bigger battery work wonders for BMW's plug-in hybrid SUV The new BMW X5 plug-in hybrid (PHEV) has gained two extra cylinders yet somehow become more economical (officially) and more BIK tax-efficient at the same time.This feat has been achieved primarily thanks to a significant increase in battery capacity: it’s now 24kWh, up from just 9.2kWh in the previous-generation X5 xDrive40e.That’s a key upgrade mostly for the difference it makes to electric-only range and associated tax qualification. As of April 2020, PHEV company cars will be classified not only on their WLTP-rated CO2 emissions but also how far they can be driven on electrictity alone. So, while most rivals have significantly smaller batteries that enable them to do no more than 20 miles or so under electric power, the X5 will be rated to go as far as 54 miles without necessarily exciting its reciprocating pistons.The difference that could make to monthly running costs, even between running one of these instead of what you might take for a pretty competitive rival, could be significant. While owners of PHEVs rated for 40 miles of electric range or more will be due to pay just 8% of the car’s value per year as benefit-in-kind (BIK) tax, those who own alternatives good for less than 30 miles will have to pay 14%, and plenty will have to pay more still. That means the X5 could save a 40% taxpayer more than £200 per month over its rivals, and compared with a diesel, possibly twice as much.This new X5 is one of several revised PHEV models introduced by BMW throughout 2019, all of which have what it calls its fourth-generation hybrid battery technology. Like the 530e, 330e and forthcoming X3 30e, it uses a longways-mounted engine and an electric motor mounted between that and the eight-speed automatic gearbox, where you might expect to find a torque converter.Unlike the fleet-friendly petrol-electric 3 Series and 5 Series models, though, the X5 adopts the 282bhp turbocharged six-cylinder 3.0-litre motor that also powers the 745e. Given that this is good for 111bhp, total powertrain outputs are 389bhp and 442lb ft, leaving the X5 close to the Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine for potency, albeit not so close to the Porsche Cayenne E-Hybrid.View the full article
  10. Audi's smallest SUV has been seen testing in disguise, suggesting a mid-cycle overhaul is on the cards Audi is set to bring its smallest SUV, the Q2, into line with its fresher-faced siblings with a mid-life overhaul, and prototypes have been seen testing for the first time. Though the light camouflage of the model appears to reveal design changes will be subtle, we can see revised bumpers front and rear and an updated headlight design, with LEDs likely to be made standard. Expect a freshened colour pallete and new alloy wheel designs, too. It's not clear yet how extensive the interior updates will be. Audi has moved its high-end models over to a new interior layout focused around a dual-screen infotainment and climate system, but recently facelifted models such as the A4 continue with the dashtop-mounted screen. The Q2 is likely to retain that, but with a wider screen, the latest graphics and software features plus an updated Virtual Cockpit digital instrument display. Audi will almost certainly bring in some 48v mild-hybrid engine options to the Q2, aimed at improving efficiency. As with other models from the Ingolstadt brand, expect this to be only available on more powerful versions. The SQ2 should return, too, while a plug-in hybrid variant could also be introduced at a later date. Expect the updated Q2 to be revealed in the latter half of 2020 and go on sale towards the end of the year or in early 2021. Read more: Audi RS Q3 2019 review Audi cuts 9500 jobs in Germany to fund EV investment Audi RS6 Avant 2019 review View the full article
  11. There are more than 16,000 public charging points in the UK, but most Welsh counties have fewer than 10 per 100,000 people Our report looks at who will expand UK’s EV charging network Growth in the UK’s public electric car charger network will come from dedicated charger companies, utilities and the government, rather than car makers, an Autocar investigation has concluded. Apart from the Ionity rapid-charging network, which is funded by a consortium of nine car makers, very few if any of the 60-plus car brands operating in the UK are funding charging infrastructure to speed up the adoption of electric cars. “We consider it is up to private network operators and the government,” said the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders. At the recent launch of the Peugeot e-208, Carlos Tavares, boss of the PSA Group that owns Peugeot, made it clear that PSA does not see charging networks as a core business, even though uptake of battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) like the e-208 might be held back by buyers’ concern over public charging networks. A recent survey by Autocar sibling title What Car? linked buyers’ caution to buying BEVs to sparse charging networks, alongside range anxiety and a shortage of affordable models. A PSA Group UK spokesman confirmed that Tavares’ view is also policy for its UK subsidiary, Vauxhall, whose Corsa-e will be launched in April 2020. The same goes for PSA’s UK sales operations for Peugeot, Citroën and DS, also with new EVs due in 2020 and ’21. “This is a business decision because there are companies already in the infrastructure area better placed to supply that service,” said the spokesman. UK car market leader Ford is taking a different approach as a founding partner in Ionity, which this year opened its first 350kW fast-charge sites in the UK as part of a Europe-wide plan to mirror the Tesla Supercharger network. Ionity’s other partners are Volkswagen, Hyundai and Kia, plus premium market leaders Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Mini and Porsche. Progress isn’t happening overnight, but Ionity now has three sites operating in the UK, with a fourth being built. Electric car pioneer Renault has steered clear of investing in public charging, although, like all car makers with a BEV in its range, it has a preferred supplier of 7kW home chargers and exploits the commercial potential of RFID cards, which process the payments of Zoe drivers using public chargers. Nissan, also a BEV pioneer, took a significant step in 2012 as a co-funder of the Ecotricity 50kW fast-charging network, now up to 300 charging points. But that marked the limit of its public charging investment and now Ecotricity is struggling to deliver a reliable service. Of course, Ionity can’t do all the heavy lifting itself and its planned UK network of 40 fast-charging sites, equivalent to about 160 individual 350kW chargers, will make only a small dent in the future requirement for a widespread UK fast-charger network. In fact, Ben Lane, co-founder of the online Zap Map service, which helps drivers locate the UK’s 26,000 public chargers, believes it’s too late for car makers to enter that market. Lane said: “There are already so many well-established charger businesses operating in the UK, and we are now seeing oil companies moving in as they see their petrol and diesel business dying away, that it’s hard to see a role for OEMs [car makers] in charging.” Estimates vary as to how much the public charging network needs to expand, but ambitious government targets for “50% to 75%” of UK new cars sales to be BEVs or plug-in hybrids by 2030 suggest a significant expansion. Last week, the government released a ‘league table’ of the number of electric car chargers by local authority and London is dominating. The government is urging local authorities elsewhere to take advantage of a £5 million grant to install chargers. More than 100 local authorities have fewer than 10 public charging devices per 100,000 people. There are around 3000 fast chargers – defined as 100kW upwards – in the UK already. This type of charger can top up a 90kW battery in 45 minutes. How many are needed in the next decade is a moot point because so many unknowns make accurate forecasts tricky. Although one recent study suggested a tenfold increase to 30,000, BP Chargemaster believes the right size might be in the “low tens of thousands”. Companies like BP Chargemaster, Pod Point, Genie Point, Shell and Instavolt are almost certainly the future for UK public rapid charging, occasionally drawing on government help where the business case is weak. But it’s unlikely car makers will feature. They’ll be too busy creating the next generation of BEVs. READ MORE Ionity to expand EV fast charger network at Extra services UK has more EV charging stations than petrol stations 800 miles in a week in an electric car: 12 things I learned View the full article
  12. If you're searching for a classic prancing horse at a (relatively) knock-down price, the Ferrari F355 Berlinetta F1 could be for you Ferrari F355 Berlinetta F1, £71,750: It has been a tough year for certain classic exotics, including some Ferraris such as the F355 of 1995- 99. At one recent auction, three of the five F355s offered for sale failed to find buyers. The two that did were a 1997 Spider manual with 25,000 miles that made £72,000 and a 1996 Berlinetta manual with 16,000 miles and some sought-after options that fetched £92,000. It’s hard to say why the remaining three failed to sell but the pair that did had been refurbished and were finished in bright colours. Both were also manuals and had low mileage. So what future for this 1999-reg Berlinetta F1 that we found for £71,750? Being finished in Rosso Red with contrasting cream leather interior, it’s off to a great start. The mileage (30,000) is good, too. The private seller claims it has been maintained regardless of cost, recent work including a cambelt change by a Ferrari specialist. The service history book is full, he says, with all invoices available for viewing. It’s all looking good so far, the only cloud on the horizon being its F1 automated manual gearbox. This version is rare but that’s because new it cost £6000 more than the manual. Inspection-wise, we’d check there’s no oily smoke on start-up and the exhaust manifold, coolant hoses and radiators are sound. The gearbox pump can fail, as can suspension springs and handbrake cables, so we’d also peer at those. Corrosion can be an issue in the engine bay and the base of the buttresses. Finally, after that hot summer, we’d check the dashboard covering isn’t tacky. When it comes to F355s, you can’t afford to take any chances. Ford Mondeo 2.0 SCTi 240 Titanium X Sport Auto Estate, £6845: With 237bhp for 0-62mph in 7.5sec, the 2.0 SCTi 240 was the hottest Mk3 Mondeo. Add class-leading poise and a 1728-litre load capacity and this 2011 estate with 79,000 miles and full service history is hard to ignore. Toyota Hilux 2.5 280 EX 4dr, £3949: With Defender prices through the roof, old 4x4 pick-ups such as the Hilux look appealing. This 2004 double-cab has done 135,000 miles but, given it’s rust-free, they can’t have been that hard. It’s just had new brakes fitted and the air-con works. Nissan Patrol GR 3.0 Di S, £3750: Set against other heavy-duty Japanese 4x4s such as the Mitsubishi Shogun, Isuzu Trooper and Toyota Land Cruiser, the Patrol never really cut it: too crude and ugly. But heck was it tough and capable. This 2003 one with 126k miles brings it all back. Mazda MX-6, £3995: Good though it was, Mazda’s 2.5-litre V6-powered coupé of 1992-98 never made itself heard above flashier rivals such as the Vauxhall Calibra, Ford Probe and Fiat Coupé. Occasionally, a survivor pops up such as this 1997 car with 66,000 miles. Auction watch Toyota MR2: Toyota’s mid-engined two-seater was like a bolt from the blue when it first arrived in 1984. Buyers fell for its mix of compact sporty looks, light weight (it was still very strong, though), kart-like handling and revvy 127bhp 1.6-litre motor with fuel injection and variable intakes. A short-throw five-speed manual gearbox was fitted as standard. Also standard was the way ‘Toyota’ was reflected on the rear window. Very cool. Production of the Mk1 ended in 1989 but a very tidy one registered as late as 1990 made £3640 at auction recently. Elsewhere, one dealer is advertising a “near-perfect” 1988 automatic with 49,000 miles for £6985. Future classic Lotus Evora S, £34,990: Lotus’s mid-engined 2+2 was criticised for being a touch pricey at launch. Interior quality got the wagging finger, too. However, a blast down a favourite road is usually enough to dispel these concerns. The Toyota-sourced 3.6-litre V6 performs well, the car handles precisely and the ride quality is second to none. The supercharged S version (it produces 345bhp for 0-62mph in 4.6sec) with Sport pack and Sport gearbox launched in 2010 is our pick for future classic potential. We found a 2012-reg with 31,000 miles for £34,990. Clash of the classifieds Brief: Find me a car for £6000 to take me and my skiing mates to the Alps. Audi S4 Avant, £5000 Porsche Cayenne V6 S, £5995 Max Adams: Skiing, I believe, is all about that delicate balance of speed and control, which is why the Audi S4 Avant is the perfect choice. Big V8 power allied to the excellent traction of quattro four-wheel drive, a roof rack for those blades and a big boot for luggage. What have you gone for? Mark Pearson: Max, can you believe £6k buys you this wonderful Porsche? My God, John’s friends will love this car. Its opulent interior is leather-lined and there’s that commanding view, the better to enjoy the stunning scenery. There’s plenty of room for skis and luggage, too, and more than enough performance to eat up the miles between Calais and Chamonix. My Cayenne’s immaculate in black and has a low mileage. MA: No mention of full service history – vital on a highly complex VW… oh, sorry, Porsche. What’s more, your base-spec V6 can barely crack 0-62mph in 10sec. Mine will leave yours standing at the Chunnel terminal because the S4 does it in 5.8sec. MP: In mine, they will arrive relaxed and ready for a cooling glass of après ski. In yours, they will arrive – if they do arrive at all in that old crate – with a headache and a broken spine. MA: Heartache, more like, since they’ll be separated from that glorious-sounding V8. Verdict: For my 'porsch' friends, only a Porsche will do. READ MORE Ferrari to slow range expansion in 2020 Updated: More details on new V8-powered Ferrari Roma Ferrari tech boss on EVs, V12s and next LaFerrari View the full article
  13. Odd looks may put people off but the G3 packs a punch in both range and specification, with near-Tesla levels of autonomous driving capability Over the last five years, new electric car startups have sprung up pretty much every month in China. However, only three – Xpeng, Nio, and Weltmeister - have actually sold more than 10,000 cars.Recently Xpeng secured $400 million of extra funding, including money from mobile phone company Xiaomi, with the aim of making an even bigger name for itself in its home market.This G3 is currently the company's only model on sale, with the new P7 set to join it in the first half of 2020.View the full article
  14. If you're watching the screens, who's doing the driving? Faraday Future is the latest firm to push the car as a digital playground, but we've got all the tech we need on our phones Do you feel like you need a ‘third internet living space’? You’ll have one at home and at work already – unless you’re in education or retired, you lucky devil – and soon you’ll be offered a similar space in your car, according to Faraday Future, the electric vehicle start-up. I say start-up, Faraday Future has been around since 2014, but this week we saw the interior of its FF91, said to go on sale next year. It’s the FF91’s insides that are set to become this ‘third space’, Faraday Future thinks. “The smart TV was introduced first in 2013 and changed the way we accessed digital content at home,” it says. “Faraday Future’s mission is to change the concept of digital life when we’re in our vehicles.” To that end, the car gets 11 screens inside, of various sizes. The 10 smaller screens include digital instruments and rear-view ‘mirrors’; the biggest is a 27in HD TV built into the roof. The seats recline to put occupants into the kind of position NASA reckons one naturally goes into during weightlessness, so is meant to be ultra-relaxing. Put me down for a fascinating examination of the smaller surface area inside my eyelids, in that case, but whether I’m snoozing or watching/browsing, there’s one thing I definitely can’t be doing, and that’s driving. Which means one of two things. Either I’m a passenger, in which case the 27in HD screen needs to be invisible to the person who’s doing the driving. Or nobody is driving, in which case the car is driving itself. Which won’t happen next year. Or the year after. Or, depending on the kind of roads involved and the kind of weather and other road users, for who knows how long. The FF91 isn’t alone in wanting to give its occupants ever more connectivity. Start-ups and established car makers are all at this idea of bringing ever increasing communication to their vehicles. More convenience. Making the car more like your home or office. About which there are two things to remember. First, there aren’t so many separate digital spaces any more; because thanks to smartphones, tablets or hybrids of these, our entire world is a digital space. Whether we’re in a car, shop, pub, train, home, office, bath or out walking, if we want to be connected, we can be. Apart from that bit on the M40 where the DAB radio signal drops out. Second, if you’re driving, you can’t do anything other than drive plus talk and listen, which is something car audio or phones have let us do for decades. Ever increasing connectedness is the mobility-provider’s theme. But when you’ve got your digital life in the palm of your hand already, it’s hard to see that you need anything more than a stand to put it on. More SUVs to be furious about, if that’s your thing. Aston Martin’s DBX has been shown in production form and the Mercedes GLS has appeared in new Maybach trim that may be challenging to some European eyes, though will apparently go down well in China. I struggle to get excited about big SUVs. Like sports cars, they have abilities everyday cars don’t, most of which are useful, unlike sports cars, and yet I like those useless things. And I’d have thought a higher proportion of DBXs will pull horseboxes than Lamborghini Aventadors will actually see 200mph. No denying they do look like conspicuous consumption, though, which is not very 2019. And fashion is, by definition, fickle. READ MORE Faraday Future reveals futuristic interior concept for FF 91 EV Groundbreaking tech of every car maker Future car tech: the gadgetry that could change the world View the full article
  15. 1975 Brazilian GP: Pace's Brabham won from sixth on the grid Revived after a period of dormancy, the British marque could tussle with an equally regenerated Peugeot at Le Mans 2022 Although often referenced as ‘Interlagos’, the Brazilian GP’s official name is the Autódromo José Carlos Pace – in tribute to a local driver who scored his only grand prix victory there in 1975. Pace might have achieved a great deal more in F1 but for fate’s intervention: he died in a light aeroplane accident in March 1977. Pace spent the most fruitful phase of his F1 career with Brabham, whose designer Gordon Murray considered the Brazilian a potential future champion (and admits he altered his honeymoon itinerary in 1970 so that he could go and watch Pace competing in Formula 3 at Thruxton). A major force in grand prix racing from the 1960s through to the mid-1980s, Brabham faded swiftly after former owner Bernie Ecclestone sold up and Murray moved on (initially to McLaren). Damon Hill was the last driver to start a grand prix for Brabham, finishing 11th – four laps in arrears – at the Hungaroring in 1992. The marque lay dormant for many years, until David Brabham – youngest of company founder Sir Jack’s sons – won a lengthy legal battle to establish his family’s right to use its own name in an automotive context. The first fruit of that endeavour, the BT62 hypercar, was introduced last year and made its competitive debut in the low-key surroundings of a Brands Hatch winter clubbie on 9 November. Running with little more than half its claimed 750bhp, the car was accepted into the ‘invitation’ class of the Britcar Dunlop Endurance Championship, shared by David – 1989 British F3 champion and, later, briefly a grand prix driver – and Will Powell. The pair qualified comfortably on pole position and won the first of the weekend’s two races, but electrical problems condemned them to a retirement in the second. It was a small but important step on what has been a long journey. The target destination? The Le Mans 24 Hours in 2022. Return of the native If the revived marque fulfils its Le Mans ambition, it will come up against Peugeot – for which David Brabham won the 24-hour classic in 2009. The French firm tackled the event for another couple of years beyond that success, but withdrew from endurance racing on the eve of the 2012 campaign just as the new World Endurance Championship was kicking off, citing the need to divert resources elsewhere as it tried to reverse declining road car sales. It always maintained that it would consider a Le Mans comeback if it could be justified financially and technically – and that moment has arrived with the new hypercar formula from the 2020-21 season. Peugeot hopes to be ready by 2022. Aston Martin and Toyota had already announced plans to compete and Lamborghini is said to be evaluating the idea. After a couple of seasons in which Toyota has been racing largely against itself in north-western France, the horizon appears ripe with competitive zest. READ MORE Brabham BT62 hypercar adds entry-level £750,000 Competition variant Peugeot to make Le Mans return with new hypercar Racing lines: Car manufacturers may be fickle, but motorsport needs them View the full article
  16. Autocar understands Lawrence Stroll, father of F1 racer Lance, is heading consortium looking to take a major shareholding in British sports car firm Billionaire Lawrence Stroll is preparing a bid to buy a major stake in Aston Martin, Autocar can reveal following a joint investigation with RaceFans.net. Stroll, father of Formula 1 driver Lance and owner of the Racing Point F1 team, is estimated to be worth in excess of £2 billion, having made his money investing and building up brands including Pierre Cardin, Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger, Asprey and Garrard. He is also famed for his car collection, which is most notable for including what many regard as the most valuable collection of classic Ferraris in the world. Both his business interests and car collection are reported to have given him the contacts to head a consortium looking to take control of Aston Martin, in the belief they can take advantage of its current low stock value and lower than expected sales prior to building the brand’s equity up again in future years, most notably by taking advantage of anticipated sales for the recently launched Aston Martin DBX SUV. Both the Racing Point F1 team and Aston Martin currently have bases at Silverstone, although Aston's headquarters are in Gaydon, Warwickshire. Lawrence Stroll declined to comment on the report when contacted by RaceFans.net. Contacted by Autocar, Aston Martin also made no comment. As a listed company it is bound by strict regulations when it comes to official announcements regarding the stock market, and would be forced to confirm if a formal takeover bid had been launched. However, its stock price did rise by almost 20% in a day off the back of Autocar and RaceFans.net's story. Aston’s share price is currently hovering at around £5, up from a low of just above £4 but well down on its high of around £17. The majority of shares are currently held by the Kuwait-based Adeem/Primewagon group, while the Strategic European Investment Group, part of the Italian private equity group Investindustrial, currently holds around a one-third holding in the company. Mercedes parent Daimler also owns 4% of the firm - as well as supplying engines to the Racing Point F1 team owned by Stroll. The firm has come under intense scrutiny since floating in 2018, with a valuation of around £5bn, and earlier this year had to issue a profit warning after substantially downgrading its sales forecasts in the face of slowing global demand for its products. In the first six months of 2019 it reported losses of nearly £80m. Additional reporting by Dieter Rencken READ MORE New Aston Martin DBX snapped with no disguise New Aston Martin Vantage Roadster: first images released​ Aston Martin DBS GT Zagato: 760bhp special revealed​ View the full article
  17. Sweet handling and a plush interior help the stylish new Mazda CX-30 stand out as it touches down in the UK This new Mazda CX-30 could just be the best-looking compact SUV/crossover on sale today - depending on who you talk to, of course.That it’s a looker doesn’t come as much of a surprise given that it’s based on the striking new 3 hatchback, and that Mazda has really had form on style since the introduction of its Kodo design philosophy. Its looks are important, too, because Mazda reckons the CX-30 is set to take on the likes of the ever-expanding, style-led, upmarket set of compact crossovers: the Audi Q2s and Lexus UXs of this world. On this evidence, the CX-30 is off to a flying start - particularly in Soul Red.It arrives in the UK with a starting price of £22,895, a choice of two petrol engines and either a front-driven or all-wheel-drive set-up. The 118bhp SkyActiv-G represents the range entry-point, while the more powerful 178bhp SkyActiv-X sits above it. Both feature Mazda’s 24-volt mild-hybrid architecture.But while the 120bhp version is the cheaper of the two, it’s the slightly pricier (roughly £1500 model-to-model) Skyactiv-X that’s expected to take the lion’s share of UK sales - some 70%, to be precise.View the full article
  18. Peugeot's own e-208 can muster 217 miles from a full charge Survey finds that using an EV over the Christmas period would have no adverse impact on majority of drivers Most UK drivers could make the switch to an electric car with no impact on their motoring lifestyle, according to the results of a new survey carried out by Peugeot. Research found that British drivers will travel an average of 79 miles over the Christmas period (often one of the longest drives of the year) - a distance well within the capabilities of the majority of mainstream electric vehicles. Peugeot said that more than a third of respondents said they would be “comfortable doing all of their Christmas travels between 23 December and 2 January” in an electric vehicle, despite the fact that EVs currently make up just 1.4% of the UK car market. The results also show that two thirds of drivers will make at least one stop during their Christmas journeys, during which an EV’s battery could be considerably topped up by a motorway rapid charge point - with which most new electric vehicles are compatible. Aside from the feasibility of ownership, Peugeot said that swapping into an electric vehicle would save the average motorist from emitting nearly 1.6 tonnes of CO2 over Christmas. The manufacturer has just launched its e-208 electric supermini in the UK; it offers a claimed range of 217 miles and is available to order from £25,050. Read more Peugeot e-208 GT 2019​ Top 10 Best Electric Cars 2019​ UK Government plans green numberplates for EVs​ View the full article
  19. Rapid saloons are AMG's stock-in-trade, but does this hatchback-derived rocket feel authentic enough? It’s not complicated: this is the new, three-box version of the Mercedes-AMG A35 hot hatch.Yet compared to its hatchback counterpart, the A35 Saloon is a more exciting product. For a long time (before the pumped-up utility vehicles, hatchbacks and, of course, clean-sheet supercars), AMG was high-performance saloons. It’s why back-catalogue legends such as the W124 300E ‘Hammer’ today go for six figures at auction. And actually, the very best models developed in Affalterbach today are still all saloons with V8 engines.Starting at £36,565, the A35 is a much less expensive route into AMG saloon ownership than any Hammer was or ever will be; it's considerably more affordable than the modern-day C63. Admittedly, the A35 doesn't get a big V8 or even a bespoke AMG engine, but if you want a compact saloon that ticks at least one of those boxes, there’s the new £52,000 CLA 45 S. The 415bhp 'M139' motor it uses has the highest specific output of any four-cylinder production engine ever made. Instead, the powertrain in the A35 Saloon is carried over wholesale from the A35 hatchback. That means you get 302bhp from a fettled version of the mass-production 'M260' 2.0-litre turbo engine found in the A250 – not exotic but very much on the money here. Power and torque are put through Mercedes’ own seven-speed dual-clutch automatic gearbox to all four wheels, with an open differential at the front and an electronically multidisc clutch housed within the rear transaxle. Naturally, the saloon is longer than the hatchback, although only by 130mm. It follows that weight is also up, but at 1570kg, the difference is just 15kg. In fact, the most significant difference beyond the sleeker design is that, at 420 litres, boot space is usefully increased.View the full article
  20. Jozef Kabaň Jozef Kabaň returns after short spell at BMW Group; Klaus Bischoff takes over as head of VW Group design Former BMW, Rolls-Royce and Skoda design boss Jozef Kaban will take over as head of design at Volkswagen next year, with Klaus Bischoff moving up to lead design across the Volkswagen Group. Kabaň started his career at Volkswagen in 1993, also becoming exterior design chief of Bugatti in 1998, where he styled the Veyron supercar. He had a stint with Audi before taking over at Skoda in 2008, playing a key role in overhauling the brand’s design language and image. He left the Volkswagen Group in 2017 to became head of design for BMW and moved to the same position at Rolls-Royce in March this year, before departing in October. He will take over as Volkswagen’s chief designer on 1 July 2020. Bischoff has worked in Volkswagen's design department since 1989 and been in charge of it since 2007. Recently, he has played a key role in developing the styling of the new ID range of electric cars and a wider revamp of the whole brand. In recent years, the Volkswagen Group has taken steps to make the design language of each of its brands more distinctive, and the importance of that is likely to increase in the coming years as its portfolio expands greatly with the introduction of numerous electric models built on the MEB platform. Bischoff will take over as head of Volkswagen Group Design from Michael Mauer, who has filled that role since 2016 while also serving as Porsche design chief. He will continue in the latter job, which he has held since 2004, when Bischoff begins his new role on 1 April 2020. READ MORE Jozef Kaban: how the Bugatti Veyron influenced Skoda design Volkswagen unveils new logo as part of company-wide revamp Volkswagen ID 3: crucial new electric car revealed View the full article
  21. Record 10.2% market share logged for electrified models in UK, but market declined by 1.3% overall in November Hybrid and fully electric models reached a record market share of 10.2% last month, according to figures released today by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders. More than 16,000 hybrid, plug-in hybrid or pure electric models were registered, with battery-electric vehicles registering a 228% rise over the same period last year. That’s despite the overall UK car market shrinking by 1.3% year-on-year. Mild-hybrid vehicles, said not to be included under the ‘alternatively fuelled vehicle’ banner by the SMMT, registered huge increases over November 2018, up by 454% for petrol mild-hybrids. Diesel declined substantially once again, down from a 32% share in November 2018 to 23.6%. Petrol cars continue to dominate the market. The SMMT puts the overall market decline down to weak private demand, with business registrations recording a less significant drop and fleet registrations actually rising. In total, 156,621 cars were registered last month. SMMT Chief Executive Mike Hawes sayid: “These are challenging times for the UK new car market, with another fall in November reflecting the current climate of uncertainty. It’s good news, however, to see registrations of electrified cars surging again, and 2020 will see manufacturers introduce plenty of new, exciting models to give buyers even more choice. "Nevertheless, there is still a long way to go for these vehicles to become mainstream and, to grow uptake further, we need fiscal incentives, investment in charging infrastructure and a more confident consumer.” READ MORE Toyota to launch two-seat EV in 2020 Analysis: Just how green are electric vehicles? SMMT urges next PM to seek automotive-focused Brexit deal View the full article
  22. Q7 looks imposing but is undemanding to drive, given space The Q7 is a classy, capable seven-seat SUV. And you can get one for under £10k Hagrid on wheels is how Autocar’s testers describe this generation of the Audi Q7. It’s hard to disagree, Audi’s once top-of-the-range SUV being big but not beautiful. Capable, too, thanks to its standard-fit, four-wheel-drive system, eight-speed automatic gearbox, air suspension and seven seats. And if you can equate having lots of standard comfort features to being likeable, then the Q7 is, again, a lot like Hagrid. But enough references to bearded giants because the Q7 stands tall and strong enough on its own four alloy wheels (a choice of 19in or 21in, depending on trim). What’s more, it comes to the luxury SUV market offering a unique blend of peerless build quality, restrained but classy styling, decent road manners and stump-pulling diesel power, which, in the 4.2 TDI version, amounts to no less than 590lb ft. The generation being reviewed here was launched way back in 2006. Then, petrol as well as diesel engines were offered. Later on, in 2008, a 6.0-litre V12 TDI diesel model joined the line-up. The first facelift (new grille, revised interior, a cleaner 3.0-litre diesel engine) came in 2009. However, it wasn’t until 2011 that the Q7 really came of age, with the deletion of all petrol variants and the bonkers V12 diesel, leaving behind a choice of 3.0-litre and 4.2-litre TDI diesels. It’s this final chapter of the Q7 story we’re interested in here. The 3.0-litre diesel came in 201bhp and 242bhp outputs. If you’re content to go with the flow, then choose the 201bhp version, but for extra overtaking grunt and more relaxed cruising when fully loaded, you should take the 242bhp model. The key to its appeal is an extra 73lb ft of torque (for 405lb ft in total), which, when you’re talking about a car weighing around 2350kg, is not to be sniffed at. In any case, this more powerful engine dominates the classifieds so you’ll be spoiled for choice. Prices start at £9000. Less common than even the 201bhp engine is the 335bhp 4.2 TDI diesel. Thirstier and with the same braked towing limit as the 3.0-litre versions, it has only its huge torque output to commend it. It’s not cheap, either. Prices for early, 2011-reg cars with 100,000 miles start at around £15,000. Regarding trims, S line dominates but be warned: its stiffer suspension can be uncomfortable. For larger and smarter alloy wheels, special paint and even more kit, check out the two variations on the S line theme, Style Edition and Sport Edition. S line Plus is an additional permutation. We can see their appeal but the contrarian in us warms to SE trim, one up from entry-level Standard. Attractions include its more supple standard suspension, sensible level of equipment and absence of body addenda. A clean one-owner 2011-reg 3.0 TDI 240 SE with 60,000 miles and full Audi service history costs £15,000. It hits the Q spot perfectly. Top spec pick S Line Sport Edition: Costing £3000 more than S line Plus, this trim adds even smarter 21in alloy wheels and a sporty bodykit to an existing spec that includes leather trim, privacy glass and xenon headlights. Need to know Large though it is, the Q7’s maximum braked towing limit is 3200kg compared with 3500kg (the maximum legal limit) for the Land Rover Discovery. A shortage of head and leg room means that only small children will find the Q7’s third row of seats comfortable. They may be diesels but don’t expect to achieve more than 30mpg in real-world motoring from the 201bhp and 242bhp 3.0-litre TDI engines. The 4.2-litre TDI returns around 25mpg. The Q7’s underside isn’t well protected so avoid any car that has tackled anything more challenging than a bowling green. Q7s over three years old qualify for Audi’s fixed-price servicing plans, which claim to offer simpler and more transparent pricing for a range of essential jobs. Our pick Audi Q7 3.0 TDI 245 SE: SE trim adds heated leather seats but avoids S line’s firmer and less comfortable suspension. The 242bhp diesel engine is more muscular than the 201bhp unit yet also as economical. Wild card Audi Q7 4.2 340 Line Plus: If it’s pulling power you need, this version has 590lb ft of the stuff. S line Plus (it cost £4500 more than S line) features 21in alloy wheels, special leather and parking assist. Ones we found 2011 Q7 3.0 TDI 245 S line, 144,000 miles, £9000 2013 Q7 3.0 TDI 245 S line, 80,000 miles, £15,900 2014 Q7 3.0 TDI 204 SE, 46,000 miles, £19,995 2015 Q7 4.2 TDI 340 S line Style Edition, 56,000 miles, £25,990 READ MORE Audi cuts 9500 jobs in Germany to fund EV investment Audi RS6 Avant 2019 review New Audi Concierge services aims to make EV transition easier View the full article
  23. A range of spectacular cars, enthralling tussles and grass-roots fun are just some of the reasons you should check out the British Hillclimb Championship It features some of the most spectacular modern single-seat racing cars, the cleverest driver aids and fabulous competition, yet the British Hillclimb Championship remains an underrated gem. The basic ethos of hillclimbing has changed little since it started in the early 20th century: to drive a car as fast as possible up a defined hill. Of course, the hills are now surfaced and mainly on private land rather than public gravel roads, where it all started over 115 years ago. However, closed public roads are still used for competition in Northern Ireland and the Channel Islands. These days, state-of the-art hillclimb single-seaters are purpose-built projectiles rather than the recycled circuit racers that used to be the norm. They’re capable of reaching 60mph from a standing start in little more than two seconds and breaking 140mph on certain hills. Cars with in excess of 600bhp, launch control and traction control are at the front of the split-second action. However, while Cosworth V8 Indycar engines are at the top of the game, an ever-increasing number of diminutive and ultra-light motorbike-engined cars are on the attack. And it all happens on ribbons of asphalt akin to a single-lane country road, with very little margin for error. Alex Summers, British champion in 2015, was runner-up this season to accomplished champion Wallace Menzies. “There are plenty of cars in the 600bhp to 700bhp bracket. We have traction control and paddle-shift sequential gearboxes,” says Summers. “We have a yaw- and throttle-based traction control system on the Firestorm that I drive. It becomes more important the more power you have. “The launch and traction control systems blend into each other at about 25mph. We can do a standing-start 0-60 in a smidge over two seconds and have something in the region of 400kg of downforce. “There are only a couple of hills where I don’t use all six forward gears. We run an A1 GP Lola gearbox with a Geartronics management system. The Motec engine management system and the Geartronics system work together. What we can do with the electronics is incredible.” The highlights of any British Hillclimb Championship event are the twin top-12 run-offs, where the big guns run for major points. At Shelsley Walsh, the spiritual home of hillclimbing since it opened in 1905, it is a frenetic 23-second, 1000-yard adrenaline rush up the side of the Teme Valley for the front runners. Joining Shelsley at the pinnacle of the sport is the Prescott hill in Gloucestershire, but the daunting 17-event British Hillclimb Championship schedule extends from Doune in Scotland to Wiscombe Park in Devon, as well as Guernsey, Jersey and Northern Ireland. However, while the British championship is the spectacular top of the sport, grass-roots hillclimbing is thriving and just about the most accessible branch of timed motorsport. Standard cars, with the absolute minimum of changes, compete across the season to give drivers the buzz of pitting themselves against the clock on a twisting and climbing strip of asphalt. Paul Lawrence READ MORE Head for the hills: hillclimbing in a Vauxhall Corsa GSi Racing lines: why car makers still can't resist motorsport Getting amateur racing back on track with motorsport's new boss View the full article
  24. Andrew Jordan won six times in 2019, but, despite this, his drive isn't safe Andrew Jordan lost out on a second British Touring Car title by just two points. Now, he might lose his car... Two points. That's all that stood between Andrew Jordan and a second British Touring Car title. Instead, his BMW team-mate, Colin Turkington, won a record-equalling fourth crown and Jordan is contemplating “50-50” odds that his BTCC career might be over. “Do I think I deserved to win it this year?” says the 2013 champion. “Yes, I do. But I didn’t and it’s pointless looking back. I put up a really good season, had more wins than anyone” – six compared with Turkington’s five – “and I really enjoyed it, which I can’t say for every year.” Jordan won a race at the Brands Hatch season opener in April, despite having just one day of testing under their belts in West Surrey Racing’s new BMW UK-backed 3 Series. “That was down to [WSR boss] Dick Bennetts and the engineering team,” says Jordan. “I felt lucky every time I went to a race.” But next time out, at Donington Park, the 30-year-old was hit broadside through no fault of his own and ended up in hospital with bruised ribs. Meanwhile, Turkington took a brace of wins. “To come back from that and win two races [at Thruxton], then another two at Croft showed where I’m at mentally,” Jordan says. “That was a big thing for me, not just in terms of the title.” Then two more big things happened. First, WSR was ‘punished’ for its success, as is the way in the BTCC. “At the halfway point, there was some ‘equalisation’, as they call it,” says Jordan. “We had our boost turned down and others got theirs turned up. I was frustrated.” Then word came from Jordan’s long-time primary sponsor, Pirtek, that it was pulling its funding at season’s end following a management change. “The uncertainty of not knowing what’s happening next year made the season easier to enjoy because it might well have been my last,” says Jordan. “Without them, I wouldn’t have been in touring cars, never mind having won a title. I’ll always be grateful.” So what now? “I haven’t approached any other team,” he says. “It’s either BMW or I go and do something else. I’ve been in the BTCC since 2008. I love it, but I don’t have to do it. The appeal of just being on the grid does nothing for me. I want to win races and titles.” WSR and BMW want to retain Jordan, but in racing, finance usually rules. “As you can imagine, West Surrey have had a long line of drivers knocking on the door with big bags of cash,” says Jordan. “It’s really nice they are saying ‘look what he did for us last year’. They are trying to put talent before the funding, which I really appreciate. But it’s coming up to deadline…” That’s the reality of motor racing, even for proven BTCC champions. READ MORE Racing lines: Car manufacturers may be fickle, but motorsport needs them Racing lines: Remembering Jim Clark Racing lines: Le Mans '66's greatest triumph? Getting made View the full article
  25. With the general election just a week away, we outline some of the different parties' major car-related pledges The UK will stage its third general election in four years on Thursday, 12 December – and the results could have a major impact on motorists and the car industry. Brexit is a key issue in the election and Britain’s ongoing relationship with the European Union could greatly affect the motor industry in this country. And the leading parties have all unveiled other policies that are significant to car owners, including pledges to phase out the sales of combustion-engined cars and to cut carbon emissions. These are the main car-related policies in the manifestos of the three main parties that have candidates standing across the UK. Conservative Party  Leave the EU by 31 January and keep the UK out of the EU single market and customs union. Negotiate a new EU trade deal but the implementation period won’t extend beyond December 2020.  £38.8 billion investment in ‘strategic and local roads’.  £1bn investment in a fast-charging network, with the aim for everyone to be within 30 miles of a rapid charging station.  Reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.  Consult to determine the earliest date for phasing out the sale of new petrol and diesel cars.  Launch the biggest pothole filling programme yet. Labour Party  Secure a new Brexit agreement within six months, including ‘close alignment with the EU single market and UK-wide customs union’. It will then be voted on in a referendum.  Invest in three automotive gigafactories and four metal reprocessing plants. Promote the development and manufacture of ultra-low-emission vehicles.  Invest in electric vehicle charging infrastructure and in electric community car clubs.  Target to cut deaths and serious injuries on UK roads to zero. Investment to make local roads ‘safer for everyday journeys’ and review all tolled crossings.  Put the UK ‘on track’ for a net zero carbon energy system ‘within the 2030s’.  Aim by 2030 to end sales of new combustion-engine vehicles.  Establish a £400bn ‘national transformation fund’, with £250bn focused on renewable and low-carbon energy and transport.  New Clean Air Act to include vehicle scrappage scheme. Liberal Democrats  Revoke article 50 and remain in the EU.  Develop a national skills strategy and innovation centres to develop zero-carbon technologies, including batteries and hydrogen fuel cells.  Cut VAT on EVs to 5%. Increase the rate of installation of on-street and ultra-fast EV charging points.  Establish ultra-low-emission zones in 10 more towns and cities in England.  Reduce the number of single-occupancy cars used for commuting. Push the development of car-sharing schemes and autonomous vehicles.  Set a legally binding target to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.  Ensure all new cars are electric by 2030.  Green Investment Bank to increase funding in zero-carbon and environmental objectives. READ MORE How car firms will alter their prices post-Brexit UK car production falls 4% in October as Brexit doubt takes toll Nissan 'to review future' of Sunderland plant in case of no-deal Brexit View the full article
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